Restorative Dentistry

Dr. Crawford and his entire team believe that caring for your smile is one of the most important factors in promoting good health. Your overall dental health and wellness are always the top priority. Dental restorations restore the function, integrity and shape of missing tooth structure, which can be caused by caries or external trauma, such as chipping or cracking a tooth.

Please click on any of the restorative procedures below to learn more.

  • Tooth-colored Fillings
  • Crowns
  • Inlays and Onlays
  • Root Canal Procedures
  • Bridges
  • Implant Dentistry

Tooth-colored Fillings

A composite (white) filling is a tooth-colored plastic and glass mixture used to restore decayed teeth. Composites are also used for cosmetic improvements of the smile by changing the color of the teeth or reshaping disfigured teeth.

Following preparation, Dr. Crawford places the composite in layers, typically using a light specialized to harden each layer. When the process is finished, he will shape the composite to fit the tooth. Dr. Crawford will then polish the composite to prevent staining and early wear.

Aesthetics are the main advantage of composites because shades can be blended to create a color nearly identical to that of the actual tooth. Composites bond to the tooth to support the remaining tooth structure, which helps to prevent breakage and insulate the tooth from excessive temperature changes.


A crown is a restoration that covers (or "caps") a tooth to restore it to its normal shape and size, which can strengthen and improve the appearance of the tooth. Crowns are necessary when a tooth has been damaged significantly and cannot be adequately restored with a filling. A crown can protect a weak tooth from fracturing; it also can prevent a cracked tooth from further damage. Crowns can cover discolored or misshapen teeth for more aesthetically pleasing smiles.

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Inlays and Onlays

The goal of minimally invasive dentistry, or microdentistry, is to conserve healthy tooth structure. It focuses on prevention, remineralization and minimal dentist intervention. By using scientific advances, minimally invasive dentistry allows dentists to perform the least amount of dentistry needed while never removing more of the tooth structure than is required to restore teeth to their normal condition. In addition, in minimally invasive dentistry, dentists use long-lasting dental materials that conserve the maximum tooth structure so the need for future repairs is reduced.

Usually dentists use crowns to restore a tooth, but inlays and onlays do not require them to remove as much of the tooth structure. Inlays are similar to fillings except that they are custom-made to fit the cavity in your tooth and are typically the same color as the tooth or gold-colored. Onlays are used for more substantial reconstruction and also do not require Dr. Crawford to remove as much of the tooth as would a crown.

Root Canal Therapy

Underneath your tooth's outer enamel and within the dentin is an area of soft tissue called pulp tissue. While a tooth's pulp tissue does contain nerve fibers, it is also composed of arteries, veins, lymph vessels and connective tissue. Each tooth's nerve enters the tooth at the very tip of its roots. From there, the nerve runs through the center of the root in small "root canals," which join up with the tooth's pulp chamber.

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Bridges (fixed and partial)

An alternative to missing tooth replacement is a fixed bridge (sometimes called a fixed partial denture.) This is a restoration that replaces or spans the space where one or more teeth have been lost. A fixed bridge is bonded or cemented into place—only a dentist can remove it.As its name describes, a removable bridge (sometimes called a removable partial denture) readily can be taken out of the mouth for cleaning. Although removable bridges generally are less expensive, fixed bridges, when indicated, may feel more stable and comfortable.

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Dental implants can provide replacement teeth that look natural and feel secure, and also can be used to support complete or partial dentures. It is possible to stabilize dentures and eliminate the need to remove them each day.

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